CONTENTS 1874-1879

VOLUME ONE: BUILDING THE CHICAGO THAT BURNED (1803-1874)

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VOLUME TWO: DEPRESSION AND TRANSITION (1874-1879)

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION

1.2. THE CHICAGO SCHOOL: AS A MAINSTREAM MOVEMENT: 1877-1892

1.4. THE THREE VARIABLES OF THE CHICAGO SCHOOL: CONCEPT, ORNAMENT, AND ARCHITECTURAL EXPRESSION

1.5. AMERICAN MAINSTREAM ARCHITECTURE IN THE EARLY 1880S

1.7. AN AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE IN THE LAST QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY

1.9. MISINTERPRETATIONS OF THE CHICAGO SCHOOL

1.11. SECTIONAL DIFFERENCES IN PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE: THE WESTERN ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS

CHAPTER 2. JENNEY AND WIGHT BRING EUROPEAN MODERN THEORY TO CHICAGO

2.4. AMERICANS DISCOVER THE BRITISH DESIGN REFORM MOVEMENT

2.7. PETER BONNETT WIGHT ADOPTS BRITISH DESIGN REFORM THEORY

2.9. WILLIAM LE BARON JENNEY’S PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN FRANCE

2.11. JENNEY’S PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF ARCHITECTURE (1869)

2.12. WIGHT’S 1869 A.I.A. PAPER ON FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION

CHAPTER 3. HOW DID THE 1871 FIRE CHANGE CHICAGO?

3.6. HOW THE FIRE CHANGED CHICAGO’S URBAN STRUCTURE

3.7. PETER B. WIGHT MOVES TO CHICAGO

3.8. WIGHT INTERVIEWS JOHN WELLBORN ROOT

3.9. CORNELIUS VANDERBILT MOVES INTO RAILROADS

3.10. WIGHT BRINGS ROOT TO CHICAGO

CHAPTER 4. THE 1873 PANIC AND THE 1874 FIRE

4.2. JAY COOKE AND THE CRASH OF 1873

4.4. THE 1873 PANIC GROWS INTO THE 1874 DEPRESSION

4.5. THE CHICAGO FIRE OF JULY 14, 1874, AND THE CANCELLATION OF ALL FIRE INSURANCE

4.6. PETER B. WIGHT SOLVES THE FIRE PROBLEM OF IRON FRAMING

4.7. SANFORD LORING AND POROUS TERRA COTTA

CHAPTER 5. PHILADELPHIA: RED BRICK, THE 1876 WORLD’S FAIR AND FRANK FURNESS

5.4. A NEW CITY HALL: THE TALLEST BUILDING IN THE WORLD

5.5. THE 1000’ HIGH IRON TOWER

5.6. THE STATUE OF LIBERTY: v.1.0.

5.8. THE MARK TWAIN OF AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE: FRANK FURNESS

5.9. UNDERSTANDING THE INFLUENCES ON FRANK FURNESS

5.12. OTHER EUROPEAN INFLUENCES ON FURNESS

5.13. THE PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS

5.14. FURNESS: THE MASTER MASON-THE CENTENNIAL BANK

CHAPTER 6. CINCINNATI RENAISSANCE: THE PARIS OF AMERICA

6.3. MARIA LONGWORTH NICHOLS PLANS THE FIRST MAY FESTIVAL

6.6. FOUNTAIN SQUARE AND “THE GENIUS OF WATER”

6.8. THE CINCINNATI MUSIC HALL

6. 9. THE PARISIAN ARCADE: THE EMERY ARCADE

6.10. THE BON MARCHÉ IN PARIS

6.12. KARL FRIEDRICH SCHINKEL AND THE BAUAKADEMIE

6.13. JAMES MCLAUGHLIN’S 1877 SHILLITO’S DEPARTMENT STORE

6.14. THE USE OF IRON FRAMING IN SHILLITO’S

6.15. SHILLITO’S STRUCTURE: PART 2

VOLUME III: THE CHICAGO SCHOOL (1879-1891)

CHAPTER 1. 1879: THE ECONOMY REBOUNDS IN CHICAGO

1.3. CHICAGO TRIES TO WOO THEODORE THOMAS AWAY FROM CINCINNATI

1.4. THE GREAT 1877 RAILROAD STRIKE

1.7. THE CENTRAL MUSIC HALL

1.8. ADLER HIRES LOUIS SULLIVAN, THE INTERIOR ORNAMENTALIST

1.9. JENNEY’S RIFF ON SHILLITO’S: THE FIRST LEITER BUILDING

1.11. JENNEY’S STRUCTURE OF THE LEITER BUILDING

1.12. THE FIRST NEW OFFICE BUILDING: THE GRANNIS BLOCK

1.14. WILLIAM H. VANDERBILT’S MONOPOLY AND THE DEARBORN STREET STATION

1.16. BRYAN LATHROP BRINGS OWEN ALDIS TO CHICAGO

1.18. BURNHAM AND ROOT: IN THE BEGINNING

CHAPTER 2. THE NINETEENTH CENTURY SKYSCRAPER: COMMODITY

2.3. CHICAGO’S FIRST SKYSCRAPER: THE KENDALL BUILDING

2.6. THE SKYSCRAPER’S VITRUVIAN OBJECTIVES: COMMODITY, FIRMNESS, AND DELIGHT

2.7. COMMODITY: THE ATRIUM

2.10. THE DOUBLE-LOADED CORRIDOR WITH AN EXTERIOR LIGHTCOURT

2.12. THE ATRIUM: THE EQUITABLE, WESTERN UNION, AND NEW YORK TRIBUNE BUILDINGS

2.13. COMMODITY: THE ROLE OF BAY WINDOWS AND AWNINGS

CHAPTER 3. THE NINETEENTH CENTURY SKYSCRAPER: FIRMNESS

PART A. THE INTERIOR STRUCTURE: TIMBER OR IRON?  (1874-1881)

3.3. THE BOSTON FIRE OF NOVEMBER 8, 1872 AND EQUITABLE’S SECOND NEW BUILDING

3.5. PETER WIGHT’S FIRST FIREPROOFED COLUMNS: THE CHICAGO CLUB

3.7. THE FIRST TERRA COTTA FIREPROOFED BUILDING: MILWAUKEE’S MITCHELL BUILDING

3.10. DRY-ROT HITS CHICAGO’S POST-FIRE CONSTRUCTION

3.11. FIELD & LEITER IS AGAIN BURNED TO THE GROUND: NOVEMBER 14, 1877

3.13. THE MILWAUKEE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BUILDING

3.14. WIGHT AND LORING EXPAND INTO THE EAST

3.16. WIGHT AND LORING CONTINUE TO MARKET NATIONWIDE

3.18. ATKINSON VS. WIGHT: HEAVY TIMBER VS. FIREPROOFED IRON CONSTRUCTION

3.19. SHOWDOWN! THE BOSTON SOCIETY OF ARCHITECTS FIRE TESTS THE TWO SYSTEMS

PART B. THE EXTERIOR STRUCTURE: THE BRICK BEARING WALL

3.22. THE WEIGHT OF THE WALL: THE FINAL FRONTIER

3.25. THE FOUNDATION PROBLEM

3.26. THE EVOLUTION OF EXTERIOR SKELETON FRAMING

3.28. LORING EXPANDS CHICAGO TERRA COTTA TO BOSTON: BOSTON TERRA COTTA

3.29. GEORGE POST ONCE AGAIN PIONEER’S IN NEW TECHNOLOGY: ORNAMENTAL TERRA COTTA

CHAPTER 4. THE NINETEENTH CENTURY SKYSCRAPER: DELIGHT

4.3. THE SKYSCRAPER’S ORGANIZATION

4.5. THE VARIABLES: HOW TO ARTICULATE THE SURFACE OF A WALL

4.7. THE “FORMAL” DESIGN OF AN ELEVATION

4.9. FOUR “RATIONAL” CONCEPTS FOR AN ELEVATION

4.10. A MODERN AMERICAN ORNAMENT VIA “THE GRAMMAR OF ORNAMENT”

CHAPTER 5. CONTEMPORARY EASTERN PRECEDENTS: NEW YORK AND RICHARDSON

5.4. HUNT AND THE NEW YORK TRIBUNE BUILDING

5.7. GEORGE POST ADOPTS THE MULTISTORIED ARCADE

5.8. H.H. RICHARDSON AND THE LAYERED ARCADE

5.10. RICHARDSON RETURNS FROM FRANCE

5.12. AFTER THE SECOND EMPIRE: THE RETURN OF THE PALAZZO BOX

5.16. THE INFLUENCE OF THE SHILLITO’S STORE ON GEORGE POST

5.18. THE MILLS BUILDING: THE FIRST MODERN OFFICE BUILDING

5.19. THE NEW YORK PRODUCE EXCHANGE: POST’S MASTERPIECE